When a brain injury occurs, the functions of the neurons (nerve cells), nerve paths or parts of the brain can be affected. The affected neurons and nerve paths might be unable or have difficulty carrying the messages telling the brain what to do. This can change the way a person thinks, acts, feels and moves the body. Brain injury also can change the way the body works, affecting body temperature, blood pressure and going to the bathroom. These changes can be for a short time or for life. These injuries may cause a change or a complete inability to perform a function.
- Losing consciousness after the brain injury.
- Loss of memory after the trauma (brain injury) when they wake up after losing consciousness (called post-traumatic amnesia).
- Personality change (meaning they will not act and react as they did before the injury).
- Cognitive deficits (a change in the ability to think or reason). Changes can vary widely because no two head injuries are alike.
- The black center of the eye is large and does not get smaller in light (called dilated pupils).
- Tires easily and often.
- Language deficits (problems talking as before; may have "lost" language or words they can't remember).
- Behavior problems. Acting out or angry.
- Can't "keep up" and doing poorly in school.
- May not grow and develop normally. Skills delayed or not develop at all.
- Recovery times are long, up to five years.
- Different from other children their age. This becomes more obvious as time goes on, and they don't "catch up."
To get more information about Traumatic Brain Injuries, click here.
*Most of the information provided here is from the Teach More/Love More site, click here to visit their site.