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Friday, June 4, 2010

Featured Condtion/Disease: Down Syndrome

We are featuring a childhood/infant disease or condition informational post every other Friday.  Today's topic is Down Syndrome.


Down Syndrome is caused by having an extra chromosome. Chromosomes are part of the nucleus of the cell, containing the information that makes up a person. Individuals with Down Syndrome have 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46. A typical child has two copies of chromosome 21. Children with Down Syndrome have three copies of this chromosome, causing changes in the development of the body and the brain. 


  • Slanted eyes with folds of skin at the inner corners.
  • Short, broad hands with a single crease along the palm.
  • Flat bridge of the nose.
  • Short, low-set ears.
  • Short neck.
  • Small head.
  • Tongue sticks out.
  • Broad feet with short toes.
  • Low muscle tone, causing muscles to feel floppy.
  • Levels of mental retardation vary by child.
More Information

To get more information about Down Syndrome, click here. 

*Most of the information provided here is from the Teach More/Love More site, click here to visit their site. 

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